This waqf is recorded on the fifth volume of Ibn Khaldūn’s book on universal history Kitāb al-ʻIbar or “Book of Lessons”. The book has a famous introduction or prolegomenon al-Muqaddimah, which is sometimes considered as a separate book and pioneer in number of fields including philosophy of history and social sciences.

The waqf deeds the full seven volumes of the book, by the author himself (Ibn Khaldūn), to the students of Fez. The waqf statement is written at the beginning of the manuscript volume by the Qadi (judge), and signed by the waqif (doner), and two witnesses. It states that the book should be kept in al-Qarawiyyin Great Mosque / School. The waqfyyia (deed document) is documented in waqf terminology, including denying the book loan except for a trustworthy person, with a mortgage and not for more than two months—two months being considered a period long enough for transcribing or reading, according to the text. Finally, the waqf deed, nominates the library’s administrator for role of the endowment administrator administrator. (For more analysis, check: Binbin, Ahmed Shawqi. “Zahirat waqf al-kutub”).   

Origin: Fez, Morocco – 799 A.H / 1369

Source: Binbin, Ahmed Shawqi. Zahirat waqf al-kutub. In: Dirāsāt fī ʻilm al-makh̲tūtāt wa-al-baht̲ al-bibliyūġrāfī”. Marrakesh: Al-matbaʻaẗ wa-al-warrāqaẗ al-wataniyyaẗ, 2004: p.117-118.


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