Islamic and Pre-Islamic Waqfs

Waqfs before Islam

Quran Waqf

Quran Waqf

A royal waqf on Mushaf (Quran) of two volumes by Mamluk Sultan Shaban to be kept in his school he established in Cairo. The waqf statement was written in a full page of the beginning of each volume. It stated that the mushaf is for reading and other benefits and that it should not get out the school except with…

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Othman Bin Affan’s Waqf

Othman Bin Affan’s Waqf

Othman bin Affan’s waqf of ‘Romaa’ well in Madina is one of the earliest awqaf, known also as Othman‘s well and farm. From 1925 the Ministry of Awqaf took responsibility of it, and then the farm beginning from 1952 was rented to the Ministry of Agriculture. Historical texts show other waqfs of Othman including extending the Prophet’s mosque in Madina.…

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The Rosetta Stone

The Rosetta Stone

The Rosetta Stone, written in three languages, helped unlock hieroglyphs of Ancient Egypt and opened their world to us. In the form of a rock stele, found in 1799, it dates from 196 BC during the Graeco-Roman period in Egypt and contains a decree of King Ptolemy V which includes endowments made by the King to various constituents of the…

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A royal offering to Re-Khnum

A royal offering to Re-Khnum

“A royal offering to Re-Khnum, lord of the cataract region, preeminent in Nubia: ‘In return for these things that you have done for me, I shall offer to you your western border in Manu, your eastern border in Bakhu, from Elephantine down to Takhompso, comprising twelve schoenoi on the east and west, consisting of fields and canals, of river and…

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