Later Waqf

Great diversity of waqfs with the same basic principle of providing services and charities.
Keeping property intact, controlled, the income being directed according to the original purpose from the waqf remains the guiding principle. This meant any person could institute waqf, indicate who benefits and in what way the resources were to be divided and the property administered.
Fiqh interpretations and explanations ensued as the volume of deeded property increased and situations arose that were unprecedented. Books on waqfs therefore become quite involved in regards to various specific situations such as those involving family members, non-family members, strangers, women, slave-women, who can be a guardian and who cannot, and so on.

Dishes and Plates Waqf in Damascus

Dishes and Plates Waqf in Damascus

This type of waqf is proving a public service for the community, by lending dishes, plates, pots and other cooking and dinner ware to whoever need, especially in feasts occasions. Three documents are available from Othman Damascus, two are stating that the waqf was specifically for the shoemakers’ community. The two documents stated the waqf place in ‘Souq el-Qawafeen’ (shoemakers…

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Waqf for War Prisoners Ransom

Waqf for War Prisoners Ransom

This waqf known by the Date House is for one service: paying ransoms of any war captives. The waqf was donated by al-Qadi al-Fadil Abdul Rahim al-Bisani, Saladin’s minister (died 556 H / 1199). It consisted of a big number of storehouses, houses, shops, and other properties that was rented and generating revenues.  Origin: Egypt – 6th cen. H /…

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Hostel for Poor Christians

Hostel for Poor Christians

The document shows a court judgment against a Muslim who said that the land is included in the mosque space and waqf, by giving the right for poor Arminian Christians who’s the land is a waqf for them and was used then as a hostel near the church. Another early christen waqf example with Islamic traditions could be checked here.…

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Women as nazir of waqf against Men

Women as nazir of waqf against Men

Two documents from Damascus court showing women as nazir (administrator) of waqf against men and the court decides that she is more qualified. Other examples of women as waqf donor and as nazir and other reasons of change from men to women administrators could be checked at the source: p. 151-219, and in particular: 157-158, 205. Origin: Damascus, Syria –…

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A Palm-tree as waqf

A Palm-tree as waqf

Waqfs can be as specific as one palm-tree whose produce went to support individuals or to the poor. This document is from 1200 c. H. Madina. Here the word used for waqf is sabl. Other examples also from Gulf could be found in Bahrain, published by Ahmed Mubarak Salem. Origin: Madina, Saudi Arabia .1200 c. H. / 18 c. Source:…

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Lepers Waqf in Damascus

Lepers Waqf in Damascus

A special waqf for the sake of lepers (gentlemen or fellowship) in Damascus. The waqf includes: a farm and surrounded land. The document is stating the rent of the property for the tree years, for 4 piasters ‘asadeyah’ per year. Where this revenue services the lepers. Origin: Damascus, Syria – 1709. Source: كاميليا أبوجبل وسمر بهلوان. المرجع في حوادث دمشق…

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