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(plural awqaf) is property contributed by an individual to provide services to a community. Islamic history has witnessed a range of awqaf, diverse in form and institutional affiliations, control and beneficiaries.

This site provides a platform for the presentation of waqf documents and space for discussion regarding transformations experienced by this institution over the centuries. It addresses questions about state-society relations and relations of power as state systems change; it traces the development of types of waqfs and how the legal system dealt with them as well as the impact of sociopolitical transformations on the actual effectiveness of awqaf.

What are Awqaf

Waqfs constitute property held in trust whose income is used for services to the community.
Waqfs constitute property held in trust whose income is used for services to the community. More specifically, waqf is associated with Islam due to the connections between waqf and sadaqa, i.e. charity which has become associated with religion notwithstanding that charity is really meant to benefit social needs.
While waqfs were donated to provide facilities or financial support for diverse purposes from mosques, to schools, to water wells, to support for widows and slaves, the modern meaning and direction of waqf has been a limited association with religious structures that placed them under the control of religious hierarchal branches of centralized states.

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