This early map is from an archeological find, Hierakonpolis, in Egypt’s Western desert dated back to the predynastic period (c 3800-3000 BC).
The map itself shows global navigation and knowledge of people in far corners of the earth identified by images of animals and instruments. Hierakonpolis also provided evidence of trade with various parts of the known world at the time, including small stone statues whose origins are thought to be from southwest Asia. This new find is still under study.
Image Source: University College London, Digital Egypt Collection